ONTAP 9.14

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Create an on-access policy

An on-access policy defines the scope of an on-access scan. You can create an on-access policy for an individual SVM or for all the SVMs in a cluster. If you created an on-access policy for all the SVMs in a cluster, you must enable the policy on each SVM individually.

About this task
  • You can specify the maximum file size to scan, file extensions and paths to include in the scan, and file extensions and paths to exclude from the scan.

  • You can set the scan-mandatory option to off to specify that file access is allowed when no Vscan servers are available for virus scanning.

  • By default, ONTAP creates an on-access policy named "default_CIFS" and enables it for all the SVMs in a cluster.

  • Any file that qualifies for scan exclusion based on the paths-to-exclude, file-ext-to-exclude, or max-file-size parameters is not considered for scanning, even if the scan-mandatory option is set to on. (Check this troubleshooting section for connectivity issues related to the scan-mandatory option.)

  • By default, only read-write volumes are scanned. You can specify filters that enable scanning of read-only volumes or that restrict scanning to files opened with execute access.

  • Virus scanning is not performed on an SMB share for which the continuously-available parameter is set to Yes.

  • See the Antivirus architecture section for details about the Vscan file-operations profile.

  • You can create a maximum of ten (10) on-access policies per SVM. However, you can enable only one on-access policy at a time.

    • You can exclude a maximum of one hundred (100) paths and file extensions from virus scanning in an on-access policy.

  • Some file exclusion recommendations:

    • Consider excluding large files (file size can be specified) from virus scanning because they can result in a slow response or scan request timeouts for CIFS users. The default file size for exclusion is 2GB.

    • Consider excluding file extensions such as .vhd and .tmp because files with these extensions might not be appropriate for scanning.

    • Consider excluding file paths such as the quarantine directory or paths in which only virtual hard drives or databases are stored.

    • Verify that all exclusions are specified in the same policy, because only one policy can be enabled at a time. Fujitsu highly recommends having the same set of exclusions specified in the antivirus engine.

  • An on-access policy is required for an on-demand scan. To avoid on-access scanning for, you should set -scan-files-with-no-ext to false and -file-ext-to-exclude to * to exclude all extensions.

  1. Create an on-access policy:

    vserver vscan on-access-policy create -vserver data_SVM|cluster_admin_SVM -policy-name policy_name -protocol CIFS -max-file-size max_size_of_files_to_scan –filters [scan-ro-volume,][scan-execute-access] -file-ext-to-include extensions_of_files_to_include -file-ext-to-exclude extensions_of_files_to_exclude -scan-files-with-no-ext true|false -paths-to-exclude paths_of_files_to_exclude -scan-mandatory on|off

    • Specify a data SVM for a policy defined for an individual SVM, a cluster admin SVM for a policy defined for all the SVMs in a cluster.

    • The -file-ext-to-exclude setting overrides the -file-ext-to-include setting.

    • Set -scan-files-with-no-ext to true to scan files without extensions. The following command creates an on-access policy named Policy1 on the vs1 SVM:

    cluster1::> vserver vscan on-access-policy create -vserver vs1 -policy-name Policy1 -protocol CIFS -filters scan-ro-volume -max-file-size 3GB -file-ext-to-include “mp*”,"tx*" -file-ext-to-exclude "mp3","txt" -scan-files-with-no-ext false -paths-to-exclude "\vol\a b\","\vol\a,b\"
  2. Verify that the on-access policy has been created: vserver vscan on-access-policy show -instance data_SVM|cluster_admin_SVM -policy-name name

    For a complete list of options, see the man page for the command.

    The following command displays the details for the Policy1 policy:

    cluster1::> vserver vscan on-access-policy show -instance vs1 -policy-name Policy1
                               Vserver: vs1
                                Policy: Policy1
                         Policy Status: off
                   Policy Config Owner: vserver
                  File-Access Protocol: CIFS
                               Filters: scan-ro-volume
                        Mandatory Scan: on
    Max File Size Allowed for Scanning: 3GB
                File Paths Not to Scan: \vol\a b\, \vol\a,b\
           File Extensions Not to Scan: mp3, txt
               File Extensions to Scan: mp*, tx*
          Scan Files with No Extension: false
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