ONTAP 9.14

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Configure Fujitsu hardware-based encryption overview

Fujitsu hardware-based encryption supports full-disk encryption (FDE) of data as it is written. The data cannot be read without an encryption key stored on the firmware. The encryption key, in turn, is accessible only to an authenticated node.

Understanding Fujitsu hardware-based encryption

A node authenticates itself to a self-encrypting drive using an authentication key retrieved from an external key management server or Onboard Key Manager:

  • The external key management server is a third-party system in your storage environment that serves keys to nodes using the Key Management Interoperability Protocol (KMIP). It is a best practice to configure external key management servers on a different storage system from your data.

  • The Onboard Key Manager is a built-in tool that serves authentication keys to nodes from the same storage system as your data.

You can use Volume Encryption with hardware-based encryption to “double encrypt” data on self-encrypting drives.

When self-encrypting drives are enabled, the core dump is also encrypted.

If an HA pair is using encrypting SAS or NVMe drives (SED, SE, FIPS), you must follow the instructions in the topic Returning a FIPS drive or SED to unprotected mode for all drives within the HA pair prior to initializing the system (boot options 4 or 9). Failure to do this may result in future data loss if the drives are repurposed.

Supported self-encrypting drive types

Two types of self-encrypting drives are supported:

  • Self-encrypting FIPS-certified SAS or NVMe drives are supported on all ETERNUS HX and ETERNUS AX series. These drives, called FIPS drives, conform to the requirements of Federal Information Processing Standard Publication 140-2, level 2. The certified capabilities enable protections in addition to encryption, such as preventing denial-of-service attacks on the drive. FIPS drives cannot be mixed with other types of drives on the same node or HA pair. These drives, called SEDs, offer the same encryption capabilities as FIPS drives, but can be mixed with non-encrypting drives on the same node or HA pair.

  • All FIPS validated drives use a firmware cryptographic module that has been through FIPS validation. The FIPS drive cryptographic module does not use any keys that are generated outside of the drive (the authentication passphrase that is input to the drive is used by the drive’s firmware cryptographic module to obtain a key encryption key).

Non-encrypting drives are drives that are not SEDs or FIPS drives.

When to use external key management

Although it is less expensive and typically more convenient to use the onboard key manager, you should use external key management if any of the following are true:

  • Your organization’s policy requires a key management solution that uses a FIPS 140-2 Level 2 (or higher) cryptographic module.

  • You need a multi-cluster solution, with centralized management of encryption keys.

  • Your business requires the added security of storing authentication keys on a system or in a location different from the data.

Support details

The following table shows important hardware encryption support details. Please contact Fujitsu support personnel for the latest information about supported KMIP servers, storage systems, and disk shelves.

Resource or feature

Support details

Non-homogeneous disk sets

  • FIPS drives cannot be mixed with other types of drives on the same node or HA pair. Conforming HA pairs can coexist with non-conforming HA pairs in the same cluster.

  • SEDs can be mixed with non-encrypting drives on the same node or HA pair.

Drive type

  • FIPS drives can be SAS or NVMe drives.

  • SEDs must be NVMe drives.

10 Gb network interfaces

KMIP key management configurations support 10 Gb network interfaces for communications with external key management servers.

Ports for communication with the key management server

You can use any storage controller port for communication with the key management server. Otherwise, you should use port e0M for communication with key management servers. Depending on the storage controller model, certain network interfaces might not be available during the boot process for communication with key management servers.

MetroCluster (MCC)

  • NVMe drives support MCC.

  • SAS drives do not support MCC.

Hardware-based encryption workflow

You must configure key management services before the cluster can authenticate itself to the self-encrypting drive. You can use an external key management server or an onboard key manager.

Hardware-based encryption workflow
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